When Does a California Trustee Have to Provide Formal Notice Under Probate Code Section 16061.7?

California Trustees must comply with their legal obligations under Probate Code Section 16061.7 which, in part, requires the Trustee to provide notice to all heirs and beneficiaries of their right to receive a copy of the terms of the trust. This provision plays a crucial role in ensuring transparency and fairness to all in the trust administration. Understanding when a Trustee must provide formal notice under Section 16061.7 is essential for both trustees and beneficiaries. Let us dive deeply into the key aspects of Probate Code Section 16061 and shed light on the circumstances under which Trustees are obligated to provide formal notice to all heirs and beneficiaries.

The Basics of Probate Code Section 16061

Probate Code Section 16061.7 mandates Trustees to provide formal notice to beneficiaries when there is a change in trusteeship, such as the death of the Settlor, or when a new Trustee takes over the duties of a former Trustee. Additionally, beneficiaries are entitled to receive a formal notice when there are changes in the irrevocable trust that significantly impact their interests. This provision ensures that beneficiaries are kept informed about any alterations or developments related to the trust. Here, we break down the key aspects of this section, shedding light on the timelines for sending notices under Probate Code Section 16061.7 and the window beneficiaries or heirs at law have to contest the trust, addressing some common hypothetical scenarios for better clarity.

When is Formal Notice Required?

Generally, California Trustees must send formal notice to current beneficiaries of the trust and heirs at law pursuant Probate Code Section 16061.7 when a revocable trust or any of its provisions becomes irrevocable due to the following:

1. Change in Trusteeship: When a trustee succeeds another, the new trustee is obligated to provide formal notice to all beneficiaries named in the trust and heirs at law. This notice should be given within 60 days of the change in trusteeship, ensuring that beneficiaries are aware of the transition and can direct their inquiries or concerns to the appropriate person.

2. Irrevocable Trust Amendments: If the trust is irrevocable and amendments are made, beneficiaries and heirs at law must be informed about these changes. Formal notice is required within 60 days of the date when the trustee learns about the amendment, allowing beneficiaries to understand the alterations in the trust terms that might affect their interests.

3. Revocable Trust After Settlor’s Death: In the case of a revocable trust, if the Settlor passes away, the successor trustee is required to notify beneficiaries and heirs at law of the trust’s existence, their right to request a copy of the trust document, and the process to do so. This notice must be provided within 60 days from the date of the Settlor’s death.

4. Exceptions: Probate Code Section 16061 provides exceptions, such as when all beneficiaries are the trustees, or when the trust specifically waives the requirement of formal notice. In these cases, formal notice may not be necessary, but it’s crucial to consult legal counsel to ensure compliance with the law.

What is a Probate Code Section 16061.7 Trust Notice?

When a trust transitions into an irrevocable state, usually after the death of a Settlor, the acting Trustee is legally bound to send a trust notice to all beneficiaries and heirs at law. This notice, as outlined in California Probate Code Section 16061.7, serves as a formal communication, ensuring beneficiaries and heirs at law are informed about the trust’s status and their rights and have an opportunity to request a copy of the trust documents.

Why is Formal Notice Important?

Formal notice under Probate Code Section 16061 is fundamental for maintaining transparency and fostering trust between the Trustee and beneficiaries and the heirs at law. It allows beneficiaries and the heirs at law to stay informed about the trust’s status, any amendments, and changes in trusteeship. By providing beneficiaries and the heirs at law with timely and accurate information, the Trustees fulfill their fiduciary duty, ensuring the trust is administered in the best interests of the beneficiaries and in accordance with the Settlor’s intentions.

Timelines for Sending Trust Notices:

According to the Probate Code Section 16061.7:

  • Trustee’s Responsibility: The Trustee has a strict deadline of 60 days from the event that triggers the trust’s irrevocable status to send out the formal notice to all beneficiaries and heirs at law.
  • Exception for Trustee Vacancy: If there is a vacancy in the Trustee position when the triggering event occurs, the 60-day countdown begins on the date the new Trustee assumes the role.

Contesting the Trust: Understanding the Timelines

Beneficiaries and heirs at law play a crucial role in the process after receiving the trust notice. Here’s what you need to know about contesting the trust:

  • Initial Trust Notice with Documents: If the initial trust notice is served and includes the trust documents, beneficiaries and heirs at law have a 120-day window from the service date (Day 1) to contest the trust.
  • Trust Notice without Documents: In cases where the initial notice lacks the trust documents, beneficiaries and heirs at law may still contest the trust within 120 days from the service date. However, if the trust documents are received within the 120-day period, beneficiaries have an additional 60 days from the date of receiving the documents to contest the trust, totaling 170 days.

Clearing Up Hypothetical Scenarios

To clear up any confusion regarding how the provisions apply to specific situations, here are hypothetical scenarios.

Hypothetical Scenario 1:

Notice with Documents: Trust notice is served on Day 1 with trust documents included. Contest period: 120 days from Day 1.

Hypothetical Scenario 2:

Notice without Documents: Trust notice is served on Day 1 without documents. Contest period: 120 days from Day 1. If documents are later received on Day 110, contest period extends to 170 days (110 + 60).

Hypothetical Scenario 3:

Notice without Documents, Followed by Document Receipt: Trust notice is served on Day 1 without documents. Beneficiary receives documents on Day 110. Contest period: 170 days from Day 1 (110 + 60).


Probate Code Section 16061 serves as a vital tool in trust and estate administration, emphasizing the importance of open communication between trustees and beneficiaries. Understanding the intricacies of Probate Code Section 16061.7 is vital for both trustees and beneficiaries. By adhering to the specified timelines and regulations, trustees ensure compliance, while beneficiaries can protect their interests within the stipulated timeframes. These guidelines provide a structured framework, promoting transparency and fairness in trust administration processes.

Understanding the circumstances under which formal notice is required is crucial for trustees to fulfill their legal obligations and for beneficiaries to protect their rights. Seeking legal advice when navigating trust administration ensures compliance with the law and promotes a smooth process that upholds the intentions of the settlor while safeguarding the interests of the beneficiaries.

Partnering with OC Trial Group: Your Trusted Ally in Trust Matters

Navigating the complexities of Probate Code Section 16061.7 requires expertise and diligence, both for trustees and beneficiaries. In this intricate legal landscape, OC Trial Group stands as your reliable partner, offering comprehensive assistance and guidance. Whether you’re a trustee ensuring timely compliance with trust notifications or a beneficiary seeking to protect your rights, OC Trial Group’s experienced probate attorneys provide tailored solutions. Leveraging in-depth knowledge of trust laws and a steadfast dedication to client satisfaction, OC Trial Group serves as your dependable ally, guaranteeing meticulous, transparent, and trustworthy handling of all trust matters. Contact us today at (714) 202-2640 to secure your trust’s future with confidence.

Trial Attorney

Blaine M. Brown is a co-founder of the OC Trial Group and acts as one of the primary Trial attorneys. Since Mr. Brown was five years old, he knew he wanted to be a Trial attorney, tagging along with his father to jury trials, depositions, and other legal events. Mr. Brown loved experiencing first-hand the competitive world successful Trial attorneys thrive in on a day-to-day basis.

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